A: 1. Blood Transfusion:
Thalassaemia patients require blood transfusion on a monthly basis. Continuous blood transfusion without chelation therapy will cause iron overload. Complications from iron overload may result in heart failure, multiple organ malfunction and endocrine disorders.
2. Chelation Therapy:
Excessive iron can be removed by chelation therapy.
3. Bone Marrow Transplant:
Bone marrow transplant can only be carried out if there is a suitable donor.